What is a comparative? Comparatives in English tend to have an -er ending or use the word 'more' - Taller, Stronger, Higher, Lower. She is taller than her sister. He is better at football than his friend. I am more confident than her.
Unfortunately Sindarin doesn't have a comparative ending, so to translate a sentence like the ones above we need to use the preposition word athan to compare two things.
To translate the sentence 'A woman is more beautiful than an Elf' you need to first turn it into the Sindarin equivalent, which is either Bess sâf vainas athan i vainas Edhel = A woman has beauty beyond the beauty of an Elf or Bess sâf vainas athan edhel = A woman has beauty beyond an Elf
Examples: He is older than me = Sâf în athan i în nîn (He has years beyond my years) I am happier today than yesterday = Sevin gell athan i 'ell awen gîr (I have joy beyond the joy I had yesterday) The sea is colder than the river = I aear sâf ring athan i ring e-gelon (The sea has cold beyond the cold of the river) The grass is greener here = I 'lae si sâf calen athan i 'lae ennas (The grass here has green beyond the grass there)
What is a superlative? If you wanted to pay a compliment to a craftsman, you could say he is 'very skillful', or you could say he is 'the most skillful' - the latter is a superlative. Here are some examples; the superlative is on the right:
Good (at something)
Best (at something)
To turn a Sindarin word, such as beren (brave/bold) into bravest/boldest, we do the following: If the word starts with a vowel, apart from u we add Rau- to the front of the word, and then apply soft mutation to the word. If the word starts with any other letter, including u we add Ro- to the front of the word, and then apply soft mutation.