If English is your native language, the sentence structure of Sindarin can take some getting used to, however if it is a language like French or German you may find things like the positioning of adjectives much more familiar.
As you saw in Lesson 12, adjectives follow the noun they describe, mutate with soft mutation and agree with them in number. The adjectives have been marked in red. Examples: Orch um = An evil orc I aew galen = The small green bird In eryd vyrn = The black mountains
An adverb's place in a sentence varies, depending on its function. The sentence structure matches that of English. If it is acting as a modifier on the verb, it will follow the verb and mutate with soft mutation. Adverbs have been marked in red. Examples: Edro hí = Open now Noro lim = Run swiftly Meno dhad = Go down
If the adverb is elsewhere in the sentence, it can cause soft mutation on the word following. Examples: Mae g'ovannen = Well met Sí vedin = Now I will eat Edregol vain = Especially beautiful
Object pronouns Object pronouns come before the verb and mutate with soft mutation. The object pronouns are marked in red. Examples: Im Narvi hain echant = I Narvi made them Len cenin = I see you Den medin = I eat it Hen aw = He possessed this
Dative pronouns Dative pronouns are often placed at the end of a clause or sentence but can appear elsewhere. The pronoun is marked in red. Examples: ú-chebin estel anim = I kept no hope for myself (Gilraen's Linnod) Annon Edhellen, edro hi ammen = Elvish gate, open now for us (Gandalf's gate spell) Guren bêd enni = My heart speaks to me Anno ammen sír i mbas ilaurui vín = Give to us this day our daily bread
When a noun acts as the direct object of a sentence, it follows the verb and takes soft mutation. A direct object is a person or thing that is receiving the action of the verb, e.g. in 'I love you', 'you' are the thing being loved. Nouns have been marked in red. Examples: Agarfant beth = He spoke words Penim vast = We have no bread Teithathon barf = I will write a book Anírnem chû = We wanted a dog
When a noun acts as the subject of a sentence, it usually comes before the verb, but it can follow it. Examples: Aragorn pent na in edhil = Aragorn spoke to the Elves Hû hamp erin ram = A dog sat on the wall Tôl acharn = Vengeance comes!